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Blackjack Dealer Rules

Blackjack Dealer Rules Inhaltsverzeichnis

Black Jack (auch Blackjack) ist das am meisten gespielte Karten-Glücksspiel, das in An der geraden Seite des Tisches sitzt der Croupier (Dealer, Bankhalter, Hält sich der Spieler an die folgenden – als Basic strategy bekannten – Regeln. A good strategy would be to stay on a 17 or higher, or if the dealer has a 2 thru 6 up card then you would stay if you have a 12 or higher. “Double Down” is when. Hole carding is the act of reading the dealer's hole card, or the card facing down, This strategy is used most widely in the game blackjack, where there is only a. In jeder Blackjackhand geht es darum, den Dealer zu schlagen. Um eine Blackjackhand zu gewinnen, muss das eigene Blatt höher sein als das des Dealers. Lernen Sie die Regeln von Online-Blackjack und spielen Sie gegen den Dealer.

Blackjack Dealer Rules

A good strategy would be to stay on a 17 or higher, or if the dealer has a 2 thru 6 up card then you would stay if you have a 12 or higher. “Double Down” is when. How To Play Blackjack Dealer Rules Free Online Psychology Certificate Courses​, Online Gambling Michigan Legal, One Piece Online Game Mmorpg. Black Jack (auch Blackjack) ist das am meisten gespielte Karten-Glücksspiel, das in An der geraden Seite des Tisches sitzt der Croupier (Dealer, Bankhalter, Hält sich der Spieler an die folgenden – als Basic strategy bekannten – Regeln.

If the dealer is showing a low card face up on the initial deal, they will likely have to draw more cards until exceeding 16 points or going bust.

That means the dealer will have to take at least one more card. If that is the case, they stand a good chance of going bust. Such simple gaming tactics—when used correctly and accompanied with some timely luck—can help reduce the already small house advantage and virtually wipe it out during your next card game.

The dealer will then deal an additional card facing up to each player and then to themselves. Each successive player then decides whether to hit or stand.

After all the players have completed their hands or gone bust, the dealer reveals his or her down card first card dealt.

Some popular casinos, though, might declare a push to be either a loss or a win for the player. The dealer is now required to draw cards and they must draw more cards to any total of 16 or less and must stand on any total of 17 or more.

In this example, the dealer turns over their second card and reveals a Queen. You will win the hand and will be paid out Most players are aware of the traditional card game as well as the various versions of 21, but many do not realize there are multiple variations European blackjack is one available at different casinos.

Online casinos, in particular, like to create new and exciting varieties of traditional card games. Without having to worry about limited physical space for table games, online casinos can cater to individual player wagering preferences to a greater degree than land-based casinos are able to.

There are also some other less popular versions that have different blackjack rules and payoff potentials and quite a few blackjack table games now incorporate side bets to spice things up.

Mobile casinos make it easy to find and play a variety of different blackjack games so that you can choose the ones that best fit your playing style and strategies.

The more you study, practice and learn the advanced plays of blackjack 21 and other games, the more you can reduce the house advantage against you.

Knowing the right time to split cards, for example, takes a great deal of practice to master. The same goes for doubling down your bets and other advanced plays.

Although blackjack is a relatively simple game on the surface, those who take the time to learn and master it will find themselves winning much more often.

Virtually all table games players have heard of the concept of card-counting while playing blackjack. The idea is to determine when the deck has a favorable balance of cards left in it after several hands have been played and you have a strong hand.

An advantage player is an especially skilled one who can determine the best times to lay wagers and typically wins more often than the average or even against more skilled players.

Casinos try to thwart card counters through various means, including multiple decks of cards and tracking betting patterns.

Card counting systems and techniques adapt to changing times, however, so many players are still making money from VIP blackjack players today.

Many games online still offer single-deck free blackjack games, which makes blackjack card counting easier to do for skilled players who have studied and mastered the concept.

This helps you practice blackjack online while perfecting this particular skill. When you play live blackjack online, you get the benefit of visually enhanced games with excellent sound and graphics.

Provided you were logged in, and they were in a joinable game, you simply had to click once to quickly join the game they were playing.

This functionality was soon copied by other services and platforms, but Xfire really helped to popularise the one-click join feature.

Gamers might take it for granted today but before this feature was introduced, joining your friends in their gaming session was difficult and sometimes convoluted.

With the Xfire site, finding and entering games with your friends was so much easier, and players were soon having more fun than ever while online gaming.

The main advantage of online gaming over regular gaming is the social aspect, so it was important for a service like Xfire to exist that allowed people to be more social while playing.

Back in the old days of online gaming, you normally had to find a server in order to play. While today there is online matchmaking that pairs you up with other players, servers were the old-school ways to find a game.

You had to make sure that the server was public and that there was enough room to join. Sometimes this was a long and slow process because of how many servers there were.

Xfire set out to make things much easier for people by providing a simple server lookup. This server lookup feature allowed you to search for the game you wanted and the type of server you wanted to play on.

This made the process of finding an online game so much simpler. Still, many games do have servers, and there are a few different platforms out there which offer a service similar to the Xfire server list.

One of the most interesting features offered by Xfire was the game statistic tracking. A lot of different services offer to track your in-game stats today, but Xfire did it before any of them.

If you had an Xfire profile and the Xfire client, it would automatically track your stats as you played. These statistics included time spent playing, and the type of game played.

The company used these statistics to provide insights into the games industry and show developers and publishers which games were getting the most playtime.

The statistics also allowed people to see how long they were playing certain games and which games were their favourite in terms of time played.

You could access all of your game time statistics on your Xfire profile and see a ranking of all your most played games. Xfire also allowed you to see playing statistics of your friends.

You could visit their profile and see which games they spent the most time playing. This was a fun way of keeping track of the games your friends were playing and also for seeing which games were the most popular on the site.

This feature let you capture and save your favourite gaming moments while you were playing. Although in-game screenshots are fairly common today, back in the days of Xfire it was rare to find a service that let you take screenshots while you were playing.

This was a fan requested service that soon found its way into the Xfire download client after so many people requested it.

Players could now take a quick screenshot with the simple press of a button and capture a moment forever.

You could then login to your profile, view your screenshots and save your favourites. Xfire allowed you to post your favourite screenshots on your profile and show them off to all your friends.

Today, screenshots are still a big part of video games but have largely been overtaken by video capture and live-streaming.

In , Xfire updated its platform to include video capture. Video sharing was rapidly becoming more popular thanks to sites like YouTube that allowed people to publish their own videos.

Video game video clips were one of the most popular categories on early YouTube, and gamers loved to share clips of their success or funny moments.

At the time, the number of video capturing programs were limited, so Xfire users requested that the team add functionality to allow for game footage to be recorded.

Xfire worked quickly at setting up this feature as they recognised how important video sharing could be. The video capture tool allowed Xfire users to upload, tag and share their videos.

Xfire profile pages quickly became the place for loads of unique and original video game clips, all uploaded by users. Here you could decide whether you wanted to keep or remove the clips and you could add tags to help other users find them.

It was also possible to download your videos so you could share them on other sites like YouTube. There was an even additional service called Xfire Flashback that let gamers record an event five to ten seconds after it happened.

This way, it was possible to catch every major gaming moment and never miss out on any potentially awesome footage. At its peak, Xfire users were recording an incredible five million videos each month.

These days, live streaming video games is huge with services like Twitch and YouTube providing platforms for millions of video gamers to watch live streams from their favourite players.

In , Twitch was still relatively small but growing fast. Xfire recognised its potential and implemented Twitch streaming capabilities into its service.

Users could download the Xfire client and use it to stream directly to Twitch through the Xfire program. This made things much easier not just to stream, but also to watch streams.

Fans of streaming were thrilled by the partnership between Twitch. Xfire users were soon broadcasting live streams of their gameplay for fans all over the world to enjoy.

The site made it much easier to set up a stream, and during its most popular years, Xfire users were broadcasting tens of millions of minutes of gameplay each month.

A lot of Twitch. Now, video game streaming is one of the biggest new forms of entertainment, and Twitch is still growing each year.

In , Xfire looked to ride the wave of eSports popularity by releasing its tournament platform. This service sought to provide a better experience for tournament organisers and participants, making eSports tournaments easier to plan and play in.

The platform was aiming at three different types of users. First, the experienced event organiser who runs hundreds of events per year and wants an easier way to integrate everything.

Secondly, the game publishers themselves who are active in the eSports community and wants to provide a great tournament experience.

Lastly, the casual player who wants to be able to set up tournaments with their friends. With the Xfire tournament platform, players could create and enter tournaments for free.

Creating a tournament was easy, and there were five simple steps to follow to ensure everything was set up correctly.

Teams could be managed through the platform, and automatic score reporting helped to give accurate results for each match.

It made eSports much more accessible and fun for the average person. Today, there are lots of different online platforms where you can easily create custom eSports tournaments, invite your friends and record all of the results.

While Xfire may be gone, organising your own eSports tournament is still possible and easier than ever.

The site was originally called Ultimate Arena but later changed its name to Xfire after the success of the desktop messaging program is released.

In , the Xfire team developed the messaging client, which would revolutionise the way people played online video games with their friends.

Chris Kirmse was one of the lead developers on the project and had previously built a similar client for Yahoo. Kirmse came up with the idea after seeing how difficult it was to organise online games with your friends.

The service was quickly a hit soon after it launched, with millions of gamers soon signing up and downloading the client for their PCs.

By , the service announced it had reached a big milestone of 7 million registered users. The site featured a forum, and there would be surveys that let users say which features they were most interested in.

As Xfire grew, it added new features such as in-game screenshot capturing, voice chat, video capture and live streaming. After the company was bought by Viacom, however, things stagnated.

This led to a lot of the original team behind the program leaving, and eventually, very few of the Xfire team remained.

Competition with other rival services had also increased in this time. Steam, in particular, had started to adopt many of the features that had made Xfire so popular.

This created a situation where the team had to constantly try and innovate to provide a better service than their bigger competitors.

Eventually, Viacom sold Xfire to Titan Gaming in Fewer and fewer users needed to have a separate live chat and messaging service because Steam, a game client now provided all of these features itself.

Titan Gaming decided to take the company in a different direction, focusing more on the original Xfire site and how it could be used by gamers to set up tournaments and competitions.

With the growing popularity of eSports, the team at Xfire hoped they could build something to help organise professional tournaments.

The idea was to turn Xfire from a regular gaming platform into a brand new eSports platform just as eSports were starting to take off around the world.

The Xfire team relocated to China where eSports were already a nationwide phenomenon, and PC gaming was becoming hugely popular.

In the end, the switch to focusing on the Chinese market proved unsuccessful, and Xfire refocused on creating and eSports tournament platform for gamers in the US.

The platform never really took off, and in , the Xfire site and Xfire download client were sunset. The homepage of the site linked to an export page which allowed users to download all of their data including previously uploaded videos and screenshots.

However, to those who were part of the industry, it was perhaps less of a surprise. As Xfire grew, it attracted the attention of services such as Steam and others, which then implemented its features into their platform.

With each new feature Xfire innovated, trialled and released, other services would copy and use for themselves.

The world of business is a ruthless one, and unless you can prevent your competitors from implementing the features you create, innovation is always going to be copied.

Today, Steam is the largest video gaming platform in the world and has an incredible 95 million users.

This number is partly thanks to it adopting friends lists and other social media features first used by services like Xfire. Other services that started to offer features that had been exclusive to Xfire included Teamspeak, Discord and Twitch.

All of these services took features that were successful on Xfire and applied them to their platform. Soon, Xfire had very little to offer that was unique, and this meant that it failed to attract new users.

Later on, Xfire continued trying to innovate and release new features such as the Xfire tournament platform. However, by this point, it was much harder to attract new users thanks to the growth of other services.

The challenge with any kind of social media is to always be growing and attracting new users. If there are too many competitors, it becomes an uphill struggle.

The original Xfire team was well organised, well managed and set clear and reasonable goals to work towards. The early success of Xfire was attributed to the team always listening to the needs of their community.

Xfire released regular updates that improved the services, adding new features as requested by its users. However, once Xfire achieved success and was bought by Viacom, things changed.

Some of the members of the old team, including CEO Mike Cassidy, left the organisation to start new ventures. At this point, in , things were still going well for Xfire, but it all started to change from this point on.

The Xfire team was set high targets for monetisation with little thought given to growth. They also received very few resources to complete these targets.

With the acquisition not turning out the way Viacom had hoped, the person who had been behind the purchase of Xfire was fired, and the Xfire team was essentially abandoned within Viacom.

Within around two years, almost everyone from the original Xfire team had left the company, all that remained were the product development team.

At this point, Viacom managed to sell Xfire to Titan Gaming. Here the management at least had a clear idea for the direction of the service.

At this point, though, competitors such as Steam had started to provide all of the features that Xfire had once boasted as exclusive to its service.

The Viacom sale had unfortunately been a big backward step for the company and left Xfire behind all of its competitors with no clear strategy of how to move forward.

Due to the conditions during this time, most of the original team left, and the company lost its direction. When Xfire was bought by Titan Gaming, the team recognised that they needed to do something drastic to bring in new users.

The team were all big fans of eSports, and at the time, eSports and PC gaming was rapidly growing in China, an emerging market.

The idea was to release Xfire in China and allow for gamers in China to communicate with each other and organise games more easily.

The company raised investment money and took on new management to help them achieve their goal of expanding into Asia. The ideas of the investors ended up clashing with the aims of the management, and there was a lack of clear direction once again.

Some of the team decided to instead work on the eSports tournament platform to capture the excitement of the growing eSports trend. This was launched in , but by this time, it was already too late for Xfire.

The company sunset its chat client and social media site in , the same year that Discord launched its free chat service. Today, Xfire is unfortunately no longer around.

Blackjack Dealer Rules Video

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Blackjack Dealer Rules Video

How to Be a Blackjack Dealer : Rules for Dealing Cards in Blackjack

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With the exception of Poker, Blackjack is the most popular gambling card game. Equally well known as Twenty-One. The rules are simple, the play is thrilling, and there is opportunity for high strategy.

In fact, for the expert player who mathematically plays a perfect game and is able to count cards, the odds are sometimes in that player's favor to win.

But even for the casual participant who plays a reasonably good game, the casino odds are less, making Blackjack one of the most attractive casino games for the player.

Today, Blackjack is the one card game that can be found in every American gambling casino. As a popular home game, it is played with slightly different rules.

In the casino version, the house is the dealer a "permanent bank". In casino play, the dealer remains standing, and the players are seated.

The dealer is in charge of running all aspects of the game, from shuffling and dealing the cards to handling all bets. In the home game, all of the players have the opportunity to be the dealer a "changing bank".

The standard card pack is used, but in most casinos several decks of cards are shuffled together. The six-deck game cards is the most popular.

In addition, the dealer uses a blank plastic card, which is never dealt, but is placed toward the bottom of the pack to indicate when it will be time for the cards to be reshuffled.

When four or more decks are used, they are dealt from a shoe a box that allows the dealer to remove cards one at a time, face down, without actually holding one or more packs.

Each participant attempts to beat the dealer by getting a count as close to 21 as possible, without going over It is up to each individual player if an ace is worth 1 or Face cards are 10 and any other card is its pip value.

Before the deal begins, each player places a bet, in chips, in front of them in the designated area. The dealer thoroughly shuffles portions of the pack until all the cards have been mixed and combined.

The dealer designates one of the players to cut, and the plastic insert card is placed so that the last 60 to 75 cards or so will not be used.

Not dealing to the bottom of all the cards makes it more difficult for professional card counters to operate effectively. When all the players have placed their bets, the dealer gives one card face up to each player in rotation clockwise, and then one card face up to themselves.

Another round of cards is then dealt face up to each player, but the dealer takes the second card face down. Thus, each player except the dealer receives two cards face up, and the dealer receives one card face up and one card face down.

In some games, played with only one deck, the players' cards are dealt face down and they get to hold them. Today, however, virtually all Blackjack games feature the players' cards dealt face up on the condition that no player may touch any cards.

If a player's first two cards are an ace and a "ten-card" a picture card or 10 , giving a count of 21 in two cards, this is a natural or "blackjack.

If the dealer has a natural, they immediately collect the bets of all players who do not have naturals, but no additional amount.

If the dealer and another player both have naturals, the bet of that player is a stand-off a tie , and the player takes back his chips.

If the dealer's face-up card is a ten-card or an ace, they look at their face-down card to see if the two cards make a natural.

If the face-up card is not a ten-card or an ace, they do not look at the face-down card until it is the dealer's turn to play. The player to the left goes first and must decide whether to "stand" not ask for another card or "hit" ask for another card in an attempt to get closer to a count of 21, or even hit 21 exactly.

Thus, a player may stand on the two cards originally dealt to them, or they may ask the dealer for additional cards, one at a time, until deciding to stand on the total if it is 21 or under , or goes "bust" if it is over In the latter case, the player loses and the dealer collects the bet wagered.

The dealer then turns to the next player to their left and serves them in the same manner. The combination of an ace with a card other than a ten-card is known as a "soft hand," because the player can count the ace as a 1 or 11, and either draw cards or not.

For example with a "soft 17" an ace and a 6 , the total is 7 or While a count of 17 is a good hand, the player may wish to draw for a higher total.

If the draw creates a bust hand by counting the ace as an 11, the player simply counts the ace as a 1 and continues playing by standing or "hitting" asking the dealer for additional cards, one at a time.

When the dealer has served every player, the dealers face-down card is turned up. If the total is 17 or more, it must stand.

If the total is 16 or under, they must take a card. The dealer must continue to take cards until the total is 17 or more, at which point the dealer must stand.

If the dealer has an ace, and counting it as 11 would bring the total to 17 or more but not over 21 , the dealer must count the ace as 11 and stand.

The dealer's decisions, then, are automatic on all plays, whereas the player always has the option of taking one or more cards. When a player's turn comes, they can say "Hit" or can signal for a card by scratching the table with a finger or two in a motion toward themselves, or they can wave their hand in the same motion that would say to someone "Come here!

If a player's first two cards are of the same denomination, such as two jacks or two sixes, they may choose to treat them as two separate hands when their turn comes around.

The amount of the original bet then goes on one of the cards, and an equal amount must be placed as a bet on the other card.

The player first plays the hand to their left by standing or hitting one or more times; only then is the hand to the right played. The two hands are thus treated separately, and the dealer settles with each on its own merits.

With a pair of aces, the player is given one card for each ace and may not draw again. Also, if a ten-card is dealt to one of these aces, the payoff is equal to the bet not one and one-half to one, as with a blackjack at any other time.

Another option open to the player is doubling their bet when the original two cards dealt total 9, 10, or When the player's turn comes, they place a bet equal to the original bet, and the dealer gives the player just one card, which is placed face down and is not turned up until the bets are settled at the end of the hand.

With two fives, the player may split a pair, double down, or just play the hand in the regular way. Note that the dealer does not have the option of splitting or doubling down.

When the dealer's face-up card is an ace, any of the players may make a side bet of up to half the original bet that the dealer's face-down card is a ten-card, and thus a blackjack for the house.

Once all such side bets are placed, the dealer looks at the hole card. If it is a ten-card, it is turned up, and those players who have made the insurance bet win and are paid double the amount of their half-bet - a 2 to 1 payoff.

When a blackjack occurs for the dealer, of course, the hand is over, and the players' main bets are collected - unless a player also has blackjack, in which case it is a stand-off.

Insurance is invariably not a good proposition for the player, unless they are quite sure that there are an unusually high number of ten-cards still left undealt.

A bet once paid and collected is never returned. Thus, one key advantage to the dealer is that the player goes first. If the player goes bust, they have already lost their wager, even if the dealer goes bust as well.

If the dealer goes over 21, the dealer pays each player who has stood the amount of that player's bet.

In all other cases, a stand, hit or surrender is called for. For instance, holding 11 against a dealer 10, the correct strategy is to double in a hole card game where the player knows the dealer's second card is not an ace , but to hit in a no hole card game.

The no hole card rule adds approximately 0. The "original bets only" rule variation appearing in certain no hole card games states that if the player's hand loses to a dealer blackjack, only the mandatory initial bet "original" is forfeited, and all optional bets, meaning doubles and splits, are pushed.

Each blackjack game has a basic strategy , which prescribes the optimal method of playing any hand against any dealer up-card so that the long-term house advantage the expected loss of the player is minimized.

An example of a basic strategy is shown in the table below, which applies to a game with the following specifications: [15].

The bulk of basic strategy is common to all blackjack games, with most rule variations calling for changes in only a few situations.

For example, to use the table above on a game with the stand on soft 17 rule which favors the player, and is typically found only at higher-limit tables today only 6 cells would need to be changed: hit on 11 vs.

A, hit on 15 vs. A, stand on 17 vs. A, stand on A,7 vs. Regardless of the specific rule variations, taking insurance or "even money" is never the correct play under basic strategy.

Estimates of the house edge for blackjack games quoted by casinos and gaming regulators are generally based on the assumption that the players follow basic strategy and do not systematically change their bet size.

Most blackjack games have a house edge of between 0. Casino promotions such as complimentary match play vouchers or blackjack payouts allow the player to acquire an advantage without deviating from basic strategy.

Basic strategy is based upon a player's point total and the dealer's visible card. Players may be able to improve on this decision by considering the precise composition of their hand, not just the point total.

For example, players should ordinarily stand when holding 12 against a dealer 4. However, in a single deck game, players should hit if their 12 consists of a 10 and a 2.

The presence of a 10 in the player's hand has two consequences: [16]. However, even when basic and composition-dependent strategy lead to different actions, the difference in expected reward is small, and it becomes even smaller with more decks.

Using a composition-dependent strategy rather than basic strategy in a single deck game reduces the house edge by 4 in 10,, which falls to 3 in , for a six-deck game.

Blackjack has been a high-profile target for advantage players since the s. Advantage play is the attempt to win more using skills such as memory, computation, and observation.

These techniques, while generally legal, can be powerful enough to give the player a long-term edge in the game, making them an undesirable customer for the casino and potentially leading to ejection or blacklisting if they are detected.

The main techniques of advantage play in blackjack are as follows:. During the course of a blackjack shoe, the dealer exposes the dealt cards.

Careful accounting of the exposed cards allows a player to make inferences about the cards which remain to be dealt. These inferences can be used in the following ways:.

A card counting system assigns a point score to each rank of card e. When a card is exposed, a counter adds the score of that card to a running total, the 'count'.

A card counter uses this count to make betting and playing decisions according to a table which they have learned.

The count starts at 0 for a freshly shuffled deck for "balanced" counting systems. Unbalanced counts are often started at a value which depends on the number of decks used in the game.

Blackjack's house edge is usually between 0. Card counting is most rewarding near the end of a complete shoe when as few as possible cards remain.

Single-deck games are therefore particularly advantageous to the card counting player. As a result, casinos are more likely to insist that players do not reveal their cards to one another in single-deck games.

In games with more decks of cards, casinos limit penetration by ending the shoe and reshuffling when one or more decks remain undealt.

Casinos also sometimes use a shuffling machine to reintroduce the exhausted cards every time a deck has been played.

Card counting is legal and is not considered cheating as long as the counter is not using an external device, [19] : 6—7 but if a casino realizes players are counting, the casino might inform them that they are no longer welcome to play blackjack.

Sometimes a casino might ban a card counter from the property. The use of external devices to help counting cards is illegal in all US states that license blackjack card games.

Techniques other than card counting can swing the advantage of casino blackjack toward the player. All such techniques are based on the value of the cards to the player and the casino as originally conceived by Edward O.

Shuffle tracking requires excellent eyesight and powers of visual estimation but is more difficult to detect since the player's actions are largely unrelated to the composition of the cards in the shoe.

Arnold Snyder's articles in Blackjack Forum magazine brought shuffle tracking to the general public. His book, The Shuffle Tracker's Cookbook, mathematically analyzed the player edge available from shuffle tracking based on the actual size of the tracked slug.

Jerry L. Patterson also developed and published a shuffle-tracking method for tracking favorable clumps of cards and cutting them into play and tracking unfavorable clumps of cards and cutting them out of play.

The player can also gain an advantage by identifying cards from distinctive wear markings on their backs, or by hole carding observing during the dealing process the front of a card dealt face down.

These methods are generally legal although their status in particular jurisdictions may vary. Many blackjack tables offer a side bet on various outcomes including: [27].

The side wager is typically placed in a designated area next to the box for the main wager. A player wishing to wager on a side bet is usually required to place a wager on blackjack.

Some games require that the blackjack wager should equal or exceed any side bet wager. A non-controlling player of a blackjack hand is usually permitted to place a side bet regardless of whether the controlling player does so.

The house edge for side bets is generally far higher than for the blackjack game itself. Nonetheless side bets can be susceptible to card counting.

A side count, designed specifically for a particular side bet, can improve the player edge. Only a few side bets, like "Lucky Ladies", offer a sufficient win rate to justify the effort of advantage play.

In team play it is common for team members to be dedicated toward counting only a sidebet using a specialized count.

Blackjack can be played in tournament form. Players start with an equal numbers of chips; the goal is to finish among the top chip-holders. Depending on the number of competitors, tournaments may be held over several rounds, with one or two players qualifying from each table after a set number of deals to meet the qualifiers from the other tables in the next round.

Another tournament format, Elimination Blackjack , drops the lowest-stacked player from the table at pre-determined points in the tournament.

Good strategy for blackjack tournaments can differ from non-tournament strategy because of the added dimension of choosing the amount to be wagered.

As in poker tournaments, players pay the casino an initial entry fee to participate in a tournament, and re-buys are sometimes permitted.

Some casinos, as well as general betting outlets, provide blackjack among a selection of casino-style games at electronic consoles. Video blackjack game rules are generally more favorable to the house; e.

Video and online blackjack games generally deal each round from a fresh shoe i. Blackjack is a member of a large family of traditional card games played recreationally all around the world.

Most of these games have not been adapted for casino play. Furthermore, the casino game development industry is very active in producing blackjack variants, most of which are ultimately not adopted for widespread use in casinos.

The following are the prominent twenty-one themed comparing card games which have been adapted or invented for use in casinos and have become established in the gambling industry.

An ace can only count as eleven, but two aces count as a blackjack. It is mostly played in private circles and barracks.

A British variation is called "Pontoon", the name being probably a corruption of "Vingt-et-un". Blackjack is also featured in various television shows.

Here are a few shows inspired by the game. In , professional gamblers around the world were invited to nominate great blackjack players for admission into the Blackjack Hall of Fame.

Seven members were inducted in , with new people inducted every year after. Members include Edward O. Thorp , author of the s book Beat the Dealer which proved that the game could be beaten with a combination of basic strategy and card counting ; Ken Uston , who popularized the concept of team play; Arnold Snyder , author and editor of the Blackjack Forum trade journal; Stanford Wong , author and popularizer of the "Wonging" technique of only playing at a positive count, and several others.

Novels have been written around blackjack and the possibility of winning games via some kind of method. An almost identical theme was shown in the Canadian film The Last Casino.

In The Hangover , an American comedy, four friends try to count cards to win back enough money to secure the release of their friend from the clutches of a notorious criminal they stole from the previous night while blacked out.

A central part of the plot of Rain Man is that Raymond Dustin Hoffman , an autistic savant , is able to win at blackjack by counting cards.

This movie displays different blackjack lingo and risky moves that have high rewards. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the gambling game.

For the shedding-type card game sometimes called Black Jack, see Switch card game. For other uses, see Black Jack. Gambling card game. Blackjack example game.

Main article: Advantage player. Main article: Card counting. Main article: Shuffle tracking. Main article: Blackjack Hall of Fame. Scarne's new complete guide to gambling Fully rev.

Barcelona: Flor del Viento Ediciones. Journal of the American Statistical Association. Retrieved May 21, Wizard of Odds Consulting, Inc.

Retrieved April 30, Fine points of basic strategy in single-deck blackjack. Retrieved December 8, Retrieved December 19, Huntington Press.

Archived from the original on October 7, Retrieved October 26, Shuffle Tracking Counts. Blackjack Side Bets. Glossary of blackjack terms Card counting Shuffle track Hole carding.

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